There are two ways to exercise and recover from a brain injury. One is the mental exercising approach and the other is physiotherapy. In the mental approach, there are exercises for memory skills, problem-solving skills and concentration skills, we have covered them separately in a blog here.
In this blog, you will get to know the physiotherapy exercises that are good for you while recovering from a brain injury. These exercises include:
- leg strength training exercises
- core and balance exercises
- arm exercises
1. Leg Strength Training Exercises for Cognitive Rehabilitation
Some exercises that increase the range of motion and legs strength after brain injury include:
hip internal/external rotation
- hip abduction
Hip Internal/External Rotation
Start in a seated position. Take a towel and place it under your foot. Now slide your foot towards the midline.
Next, push the leg towards the side. Repeat 10 times and then switch to the other leg. Do a total of 30 reps with both legs in 3 sets of 10.
This exercise can also be done while lying in the bed. Watch the video below to know-how:
This exercise mostly is used for patients recovering from a knee replacement but is also good for cognitive rehabilitation. In hip abduction exercise, sit or lay down in bed with legs straight. Slide one leg out and in, keeping the knee straight and do not lift the leg off the supporting surface.
Do it 10 times with 1 leg and 10 times with the other. Do a total of 3 sets moving both legs a total of 30 times. Check out a video tutorial of Hip Abduction in the video below:
2. Core and Balance Exercises for Cognitive Rehabilitation
Listed below are the physical therapy exercises that will help recover your core and balance strength after brain injury. They are important because you need coordination and gait in every physical activity. Even in a simple task like walking…
- weight shifts
- seated trunk extension
- Romberg stance
This is a simple body and hands sideways movement exercise that includes breathing in between. See a short tutorial of it in a video below:
Weight shift is a simple exercise of getting up and standing on 1 leg for as long as possible. And then doing it with the other leg. A 30 seconds 1 leg stand will be a good enough benchmark.
Doing 5 sets of weight shifts will be a good enough drill. There is a lot that can get known with these 1 leg stands, to understand better watch a short video below:
Seated Trunk Extension
Seated Trunk Extension is a simple movement exercise while sitting in a chair. Keep the hips in 1 spot and twist your upper body in a circular manner.
See it in a video below:
Have a chair or something on one side just in case you lose your balance. Stand and bring your feet together and just balance.
3. Arm Exercises for Brain Rehabilitation
Arms lose their optimal performance after brain injury. Listed below are the exercises that can help recover the cognitive skill of using your arms in everyday activities:
- pushing movement
- shoulder abduction
Within your range of motion, place a water bottle on the left side.
Now, hook your wrist on the outside of the bottle and use your arm to push it straight across the table.
Do the same movement and push the bottle back in the opposite direction.
Repeat it 10 times with both arms.
A 10 seconds video below will show you how you can do shoulder abduction by just moving your right hand clockwise and then doing the same with your left hand but anti-clockwise.
That’s all in cognitive rehabilitation exercises through physiotherapy. Check out the FAQs and their answers for Cognitive Rehabilitation Therapy in this post on the official military health system site.